PMP Definitions: D

Many of the words defined here have broader, and in some cases different, dictionary definitions. In some cases, a single glossary term consists of multiple words (e.g., root cause analysis).

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Definitions: D
Data Discrete, unorganized, unprocessed measurements or raw observations.
Data Analysis Techniques Techniques used to organize, assess, and evaluate data and information.
Data Date A point in time when the status of the project is recorded.
Data Gathering Techniques Techniques used to collect data and information from a variety of sources.
Data Representation Techniques Graphic representations or other methods used to convey data and information.
Decision-Making Techniques Techniques used to select a course of action from different alternatives.
Decision Tree Analysis A diagramming and calculation technique for evaluating the implications of a chain of multiple options in the presence of uncertainty.
Decomposition A technique used for dividing and subdividing the project scope and project deliverables into smaller, more manageable parts.
Defect An imperfection or deficiency in a project component where that component does not meet its requirements or specifications and needs to be either repaired or replaced.
Defect Repair An intentional activity to modify a nonconforming product or product component.
Define Activities The process of identifying and documenting the specific actions to be performed to produce the project deliverables.
Define Scope The process of developing a detailed description of the project and product.
Deliverable Any unique and verifiable product, result, or capability to perform a service that is required to be produced to complete a process, phase, or project.
Determine Budget The process of aggregating the estimated costs of individual activities or work packages to establish an authorized cost baseline.
Development Approach The method used to create and evolve the product, service, or result during the project life cycle, such as predictive, iterative, incremental, agile, or a hybrid method.
Develop Project Charter The process of developing a document that formally authorizes the existence of a project and provides the project manager with the authority to apply organizational resources to project activities.
Develop Project Management Plan The process of defining, preparing, and coordinating all plan components and consolidating them into an integrated project management plan.
Develop Schedule The process of analyzing activity sequences, duration, resource requirements, and schedule constraints to create the project schedule model for project execution and monitoring and controlling.
Develop Team The process of improving competences, team member interaction, and overall team environment to enhance project performance.
Diagramming Techniques Approaches to presenting information with logical linkages that aid in understanding.
Direct and Manage Project Work The process of leading and performing the work defined in the project management plan and implementing approved changes to achieve the project's objectives.
Discrete Effort An activity that can be planned and measured and that yields a specific output. [Note: Discrete effort is one of three earned value management (EVM) types of activities used to measure work performance.]
Discretionary Dependency A relationship that is established based on knowledge of best practices within a particular application area or an aspect of the project where a specific sequence is desired.
Documentation Reviews The process of gathering a corpus of information and reviewing it to determine accuracy and completeness.
Duration The total number of work periods required to complete an activity or work breakdown structure component, expressed in hours, days, or weeks. Contrast with effort.
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