PMP Definitions: E

Many of the words defined here have broader, and in some cases different, dictionary definitions. In some cases, a single glossary term consists of multiple words (e.g., root cause analysis).

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Definitions: E
Early Finish Date (EF) In the critical path method, the earliest possible point in time when the uncompleted portions of a schedule activity can finish based on the schedule network logic, the data date, and any schedule constraints.
Early Start Date (ES) In the critical path method, the earliest possible point in time when the uncompleted portions of a schedule activity can start based on the schedule network logic, the data date, and any schedule constraints.
Earned Value (EV) The measure of work performed expressed in terms of the budget authorized for that work.
Earned Value Management A methodology that combines scope, schedule, and resource measurements to assess project performance and progress.
Effort The number of labor units required to complete a schedule activity or work breakdown structure component, often expressed in hours, days, or weeks. Contrast with duration.
Emotional Intelligence The ability to identify, assess, and manage the personal emotions of oneself and other people, as well as the collective emotions of groups of people.
Enterprise Environmental Factors Conditions, not under the immediate control of the team, that influence, constrain, or direct the project, program, or portfolio.
Estimate A quantitative assessment of the likely amount or outcome of a variable, such as project costs, resources, effort, or durations.
Estimate Activity Durations The process of estimating the number of work periods needed to complete individual activities with the estimated resources.
Estimate Activity Resources The process of estimating team resources and the type and quantities of material, equipment, and supplies necessary to perform project work.
Estimate at Completion (EAC) The expected total cost of completing all work expressed as the sum of the actual cost to date and the estimate to complete.
Estimate Costs The process of developing an approximation of the monetary resources needed to complete project work.
Estimate to Complete (ETC) The expected cost to finish all the remaining project work.
Execute Directing, managing, performing, and accomplishing the project work; providing the deliverables; and providing work performance information.
Executing Process Group Those processes performed to complete the work defined in the project management plan to satisfy the project requirements.
Expert Judgment Judgment provided based upon expertise in an application area, knowledge area, discipline, industry, etc., as appropriate for the activity being performed. Such expertise may be provided by any group or person with specialized education, knowledge, skill, experience, or training.
Explicit Knowledge Knowledge that can be codified using symbols such as words, numbers, and pictures.
External Dependency A relationship between project activities and non-project activities.
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