PMP Definitions: S

Many of the words defined here have broader, and in some cases different, dictionary definitions. In some cases, a single glossary term consists of multiple words (e.g., root cause analysis).

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Definitions: S
Schedule Baseline The approved version of a schedule model that can be changed using formal change control procedures and is used as the basis for comparison to actual results.
Schedule Compression A technique used to shorten the schedule duration without reducing the project scope.
Schedule Data The collection of information for describing and controlling the schedule.
Schedule Forecasts Estimates or predictions of conditions and events in the project's future based on information and knowledge available at the time the schedule is calculated.
Schedule Management Plan A component of the project or program management plan that establishes the criteria and the activities for developing, monitoring, and controlling the schedule.
Schedule Model A representation of the plan for executing the project's activities including durations, dependencies, and other planning information, used to produce a project schedule along with other scheduling artifacts.
Schedule Network Analysis A technique to identify early and late start dates, as well as early and late finish dates, for the uncompleted portions of project activities.
Schedule Performance Index (SPI) A measure of schedule efficiency expressed as the ratio of earned value to planned value.
Schedule Variance (SV) A measure of schedule performance expressed as the difference between the earned value and the planned value.
Scheduling Tool A tool that provides schedule component names, definitions, structural relationships, and formats that support the application of a scheduling method.
Scope The sum of the products, services, and results to be provided as a project. See also project scope and product scope.
Scope Baseline The approved version of a scope statement, work breakdown structure(WBS), and its associated WBS dictionary, that can be changed using formal change control procedures and is used as a basis for comparison to actual results.
Scope Creep The uncontrolled expansion to product or project scope without adjustments to time, cost, and resources.
Scope Management Plan A component of the project or program management plan that describes how the scope will be defined, developed, monitored, controlled, and validated.
Secondary Risk A risk that arises as a direct result of implementing a risk response.
Self-Organizing Teams A team formation where the team functions with an absence of centralized control.
Seller A provider or supplier of products, services, or results to an organization.
Seller Proposals Formal responses from sellers to a request for proposal or other procurement document specifying the price, commercial terms of sale, and technical specifications or capabilities the seller will do for the requesting organization that, if accepted, would bind the seller to perform the resulting agreement.
Sensitivity Analysis An analysis technique to determine which individual project risks or other sources of uncertainty have the most potential impact on project outcomes, by correlating variations in project outcomes with variations in elements of a quantitative risk analysis model.
Sequence Activities The process of identifying and documenting relationships among the project activities.
Service Level Agreement (SLA) A contract between a service provider (either internal or external) and the end user that defines the level of service expected from the service provider.
Simulation An analytical technique that models the combined effect of uncertainties to evaluate their potential impact on objectives.
Source Selection Criteria A set of attributes desired by the buyer which a seller is required to meet or exceed to be selected for a contract.
Specification A precise statement of the needs to be satisfied and the essential characteristics that are required.
Specification Limits The area, on either side of the centerline, or mean, of data plotted ona control chart that meets the customer's requirements for a product or service. This area may be greater than or less than the area defined by the control limits. See also control limits.
Sponsor A person or group who provides resources and support for the project, program, or portfolio and is accountable for enabling success.
Sponsoring Organization The entity responsible for providing the project's sponsor and a conduit for project funding or other project resources.
Stakeholder An individual, group, or organization that may affect, be affected by, or perceive itself to be affected by a decision, activity, or outcome of a project, program, or portfolio.
Stakeholder Analysis A technique of systematically gathering and analyzing quantitative and qualitative information to determine whose interests should be taken into account throughout the project.
Stakeholder Engagement Assessment Matrix A matrix that compares current and desired stakeholder engagement levels.
Stakeholder Engagement Plan A component of the project management plan that identifies the strategies and actions required to promote productive involvement of stakeholders in project or program decision making and execution.
Stakeholder Register A project document including the identification, assessment, and classification of project stakeholders.
Standard A document established by an authority, custom, or general consent as a model or example.
Start Date A point in time associated with a schedule activity's start, usually qualified by one of the following: actual, planned, estimated, scheduled, early, late, target, baseline, or current.
Start-to-Finish (SF) A logical relationship in which a successor activity cannot finish until a predecessor activity has started.
Start-to-Start (SS) A logical relationship in which a successor activity cannot start until a predecessor activity has started.
Statement of Work (SOW) A narrative description of products, services, or results to be delivered by the project.
Statistical Sampling Choosing part of a population of interest for inspection.
Successor Activity A dependent activity that logically comes after another activity in a schedule.
Summary Activity A group of related schedule activities aggregated and displayed as a single activity.
SWOT Analysis Analysis of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of an organization, project, or option.
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