PMP Planning Process Group

[ From PMBOK6...]

The Planning Process Group consists of those processes performed to establish the total scope of the effort, define and refine the objectives, and develop the course of action required to attain those objectives. The key benefit of this Process Group is to delineate the strategy and tactics as well as the course of action or path to successfully complete the project or phase.

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Process No. Project Management Process(es) Inputs Tools & Techniques Outputs
4.2 Develop Project Management Plan
  1. Project charter
  2. Outputs from other processes
  3. Enterprise environmental factors
  4. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Data gathering
    • Brainstorming
    • Checklists
    • Focus groups
    • Interviews
  3. Interpersonal and team skills
    • Conflict management
    • Facilitation
    • Meeting management
  4. Meetings
  1. Project management plan
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Process No. Project Management Process(es) Inputs Tools & Techniques Outputs
5.1 Plan Scope Management
  1. Project charter
  2. Project management plan
    • Quality management plan
    • Project life cycle description
    • Development approach
  3. Enterprise environmental factors
  4. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Data analysis
    • Alternatives analysis
  3. Meetings
  1. Scope management plan
  2. Requirements management plan
5.2 Collect requirements
  1. Project charter
  2. Project management plan
    • Scope management plan
    • Requirements management plan
    • Stakeholder engagement plan
  3. Project documents
    • Assumption log
    • Lessons learned register
    • Stakeholder register
  4. Business documents
    • Business case
  5. Agreements
  6. Enterprise environmental factors
  7. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Data gathering
    • Brainstorming
    • Interviews
    • Focus groups
    • Questionnaires and surveys
    • Benchmarking
  3. Data analysis
    • Document analysis
  4. Decision making
    • Voting
    • Multi-criteria decision analysis
  5. Data representation
    • Affinity diagrams
    • Mind mapping
  6. Interpersonal and team skills
    • Nominal group technique
    • Observation/conversation
    • Facilitation
  7. Context diagram
  8. Prototypes
  1. Requirements documentation
  2. Requirements traceability matrix
5.3 Define Scope
  1. Project charter
  2. Project management plan
    • Scope management plan
  3. Project documents
    • Assumption log
    • Requirements documentation
    • Risk register
  4. Enterprise environmental factors
  5. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Data analysis
    • Alternatives analysis
  3. Decision making
    • Multi-criteria decision analysis
  4. Interpersonal and team skills
    • Facilitation
  5. Product analysis
  1. Project scope statement
  2. Project documents updates
    • Assumption log
    • Requirements documentation
    • Requirements traceability matrix
    • Stakeholder register
5.4 Create WBS
  1. Project management plan
    • Scope management plan
  2. Project documents
    • Project scope statement
    • Requirements documentation
  3. Enterprise environmental factors
  4. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Decomposition
  1. Scope baseline
  2. Project documents updates
    • Assumption log
    • Requirements documentation
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Process No. Project Management Process(es) Inputs Tools & Techniques Outputs
6.1 Plan Schedule Management
  1. Project charter
  2. Project management plan
    • Scope management plan
    • Development approach
  3. Enterprise environmental factors
  4. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Data analysis
  3. Meetings
  1. Schedule management plan
6.2 Define Activities
  1. Project management plan
    • Schedule management plan
    • Scope baseline
  2. Enterprise environmental factors
  3. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Decomposition
  3. Rolling wave planning
  4. Meetings
  1. Activity list
  2. Activity attributes
  3. Milestone list
  4. Change requests
  5. Project management plan updates
    • Schedule baseline
    • Cost baseline
6.3 Sequence Activities
  1. Project management plan
    • Schedule management plan
    • Scope baseline
  2. Project documents
    • Activity attributes
    • Activity list
    • Assumption log
    • Milestone list
  3. Enterprise environmental factors
  4. Organizational process assets
  1. Precedence diagramming method
  2. Dependency determination and integration
  3. Leads and lags
  4. Project management information system
  1. Project schedule network diagrams
  2. Project documents updates
    • Activity attributes
    • Activity list
    • Assumption log
    • Milestone list
6.4 Estimate Activity Durations
  1. Project management plan
    • Schedule management plan
    • Scope baseline
  2. Project documents
    • Activity attributes
    • Activity list
    • Assumption log
    • Lessons learned register
    • Milestone list
    • Project team assignments
    • Resource breakdown structure
    • Resource calendars
    • Resource requirements
    • Risk register
  3. Enterprise environmental factors
  4. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Analogous estimating
  3. Parametric estimating
  4. Three-point estimating
  5. Bottom-up estimating
  6. Data analysis
    • Alternatives analysis
    • Reserve analysis
  7. Decision making
  8. Meetings
  1. Duration estimates
  2. Basis of estimates
  3. Project documents updates
    • Activity attributes
    • Assumption log
    • Lessons learned register
6.5 Develop Schedule
  1. Project management plan
    • Schedule management plan
    • Scope baseline
  2. Project documents
    • Activity attributes
    • Activity list
    • Assumption log
    • Basis of estimates
    • Duration estimates
    • Lessons learned register
    • Milestone list
    • Project schedule network diagrams
    • Project team assignments
    • Resource calendars
    • Resource requirements
    • Risk register
  3. Agreements
  4. Enterprise environmental factors
  5. Organizational process assets
  1. Schedule network analysis
  2. Critical path method
  3. Resource optimization
  4. Data analysis
    • What-if scenario analysis
    • Simulation
  5. Leads and lags
  6. Schedule compression
  7. Project management information system
  8. Agile release planning
  1. Schedule baseline
  2. Project schedule
  3. Schedule data
  4. Project calendars
  5. Change requests
  6. Project management plan updates
    • Schedule management plan
    • Cost baseline
  7. Project documents updates
    • Activity attributes
    • Assumption log
    • Duration estimates
    • Lessons learned register
    • Resource requirements
    • Risk register
6.6 Control Schedule
  1. Project management plan
    • Schedule management plan
    • Schedule baseline
    • Scope baseline
    • Performance measurement baseline
  2. Project documents
    • Lessons learned register
    • Project calendars
    • Project schedule
    • Resource calendars
    • Schedule data
  3. Work performance data
  4. Organizational process assets
  1. Data analysis
    • Earned value analysis
    • Iteration burndown chart
    • Performance reviews
    • Trend analysis
    • Variance analysis
    • What-if scenario analysis
  2. Critical path method
  3. Project management information system
  4. Resource optimization
  5. Leads and lags
  6. Schedule compression
  1. Work performance information
  2. Schedule forecasts
  3. Change requests
  4. Project management plan updates
    • Schedule management plan
    • Schedule baseline
    • Cost baseline
    • Performance measurement baseline
  5. Project documents updates
    • Assumption log
    • Basis of estimates
    • Lessons learned register
    • Project schedule
    • Resource calendars
    • Risk register
    • Schedule data
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Process No. Project Management Process(es) Inputs Tools & Techniques Outputs
7.1 Plan Cost Management
  1. Project charter
  2. Project management plan
    • Schedule management plan
    • Risk management plan
  3. Enterprise environmental factors
  4. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Data analysis
  3. Meetings
  1. Cost management plan
7.2 Estimate Costs
  1. Estimate Costs
    • Cost management plan
    • Quality management plan
    • Scope baseline
  2. Project documents
    • Lessons learned register
    • Project schedule
    • Resources requirements
    • Risk register
  3. Enterprise environmental factors
  4. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Analogous estimating
  3. Parametric estimating
  4. Bottom-up estimating
  5. Three-point estimating
  6. Data analysis
    • Alternatives analysis
    • Reserve analysis
    • Cost of quality
  7. Project management information system
  8. Decision making
    • Voting
  1. Cost estimates
  2. Basis of estimates
  3. Project documents updates
    • Assumption log
    • Lessons learned register
    • Risk register
7.3 Determine Budget
  1. Project management plan
    • Cost management plan
    • Resource management plan
    • Scope baseline
  2. Project documents
    • Basis of estimates
    • Cost estimates
    • Project schedule
    • Risk register
  3. Business documents
    • Business case
    • Benefits management plan
  4. Agreements
  5. Enterprise environmental factors
  6. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Cost aggregation
  3. Data analysis
    • Reserve analysis
  4. Historical information review
  5. Funding limit reconciliation
  6. Financing
  1. Cost baseline
  2. Project funding requirements
  3. Project documents updates
    • Cost estimates
    • Project schedule
    • Risk register
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Process No. Project Management Process(es) Inputs Tools & Techniques Outputs
8.1 Plan Quality Management
  1. Project charter
  2. Project management plan
    • Requirements management plan
    • Risk management plan
    • Stakeholder engagement plan
    • Scope baseline
  3. Project documents
    • Assumption log
    • Requirements documentation
    • Requirements traceability matrix
    • Risk register
    • Stakeholder register
  4. Enterprise environmental factors
  5. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Data gathering
    • Benchmarking
    • Brainstorming
    • Interviews
  3. Data analysis
    • Cost-benefit analysis
    • Cost of quality
  4. Decision making
    • Multi-criteria decision analysis
  5. Data representation
    • Flowcharts
    • Logical data model
    • Matrix diagrams
    • Mind mapping
  6. Test and inspection planning
  7. Meetings
  1. Quality management plan
  2. Quality metrics
  3. Project management plan updates
    • Risk management plan
    • Scope baseline
  4. Project documents updates
    • Lessons learned register
    • Requirements traceability matrix
    • Risk register
    • Stakeholder register
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Process No. Project Management Process(es) Inputs Tools & Techniques Outputs
9.1 Plan Resource Management
  1. Project charter
  2. Project management plan
    • Quality management plan
    • Scope baseline
  3. Project documents
    • Project schedule
    • Requirements documentation
    • Risk register
    • Stakeholder register
  4. Enterprise environmental factors
  5. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Data representation
    • Hierarchical charts
    • Responsibility assignment matrix
    • Text-oriented formats
  3. Organizational theory
  4. Meetings
  1. Resource management plan
  2. Team charter
  3. Project documents updates
    • Assumption log
    • Risk register
9.2 Estimate Activity Resources
  1. Project management plan
    • Resource management plan
    • Scope baseline
  2. Project documents
    • Activity attributes
    • Activity list
    • Assumption log
    • Cost estimates
    • Resource calendars
    • Risk register
  3. Enterprise environmental factors
  4. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Bottom-up estimating
  3. Analogous estimating
  4. Parametric estimating
  5. Data analysis
    • Alternatives analysis
  6. Project management information system
  7. Meetings
  1. Resource requirements
  2. Basis of estimates
  3. Resource breakdown structure
  4. Project documents updates
    • Activity attributes
    • Assumption log
    • Lessons learned register
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Process No. Project Management Process(es) Inputs Tools & Techniques Outputs
10.1 Plan Communications Management
  1. Project charter
  2. Project management plan
    • Resource management plan
    • Stakeholder engagement plan
  3. Project documents
    • Requirements documentation
    • Stakeholder register
  4. Enterprise environmental factors
  5. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Communication requirements analysis
  3. Communication technology
  4. Communication models
  5. Communication methods
  6. Interpersonal and team skills
    • Communication styles assessment
    • Political awareness
    • Cultural awareness
  7. Data representation
    • Stakeholder engagement assessment matrix
  8. Meetings
  1. Communications management plan
  2. Project management plan updates
    • Stakeholder engagement plan
  3. Project documents updates
    • Project schedule
    • Stakeholder register
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Process No. Project Management Process(es) Inputs Tools & Techniques Outputs
11.1 Plan Risk Management
  1. Project charter
  2. Project management plan
    • All components
  3. Project documents
    • Stakeholder register
  4. Enterprise environmental factors
  5. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Data analysis
    • Stakeholder analysis
  3. Meetings
  1. Risk management plan
11.2 Identify Risks
  1. Project management plan
    • Requirements management plan
    • Schedule management plan
    • Cost management plan
    • Quality management plan
    • Resource management plan
    • Risk management plan
    • Scope baseline
    • Schedule baseline
    • Cost baseline
  2. Project documents
    • Assumption log
    • Cost estimates
    • Duration estimates
    • Issue log
    • Lessons learned register
    • Requirements documentation
    • Resource requirements
    • Stakeholder register
  3. Agreements
  4. Procurement documentation
  5. Enterprise environmental factors
  6. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Data gathering
    • Brainstorming
    • Checklists
    • Interviews
  3. Data analysis
    • Root cause analysis
    • Assumption and constraint analysis
    • SWOT analysis
    • Document analysis
  4. Interpersonal and team skills
    • Facilitation
  5. Prompt lists
  6. Meetings
  1. Risk register
  2. Risk report
  3. Project documents updates
    • Assumption log
    • Issue log
    • Lessons learned register
11.3 Perform Qualitative Risk Analysis
  1. Project management plan
    • Risk management plan
  2. Project documents
    • Assumption log
    • Risk register
    • Stakeholder register
  3. Enterprise environmental factors
  4. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Data gathering
    • Interviews
  3. Data analysis
    • Risk data quality assessment
    • Risk probability and impact assessment
    • Assessment of other risk parameters
  4. Interpersonal and team skills
    • Facilitation
  5. Risk categorization
  6. Data representation
    • Probability and impact matrix
    • Hierarchical charts
  7. Meetings
  1. Project documents updates
    • Assumption log
    • Issue log
    • Risk register
    • Risk report
11.4 Perform Quantitative Risk Analysis
  1. Project management plan
    • Risk management plan
    • Scope baseline
    • Schedule baseline
    • Cost baseline
  2. Project documents
    • Assumption log
    • Basis of estimates
    • Cost estimates
    • Cost forecasts
    • Duration estimates
    • Milestone list
    • Resource requirements
    • Risk register
    • Risk report
    • Schedule forecasts
  3. Enterprise environmental factors
  4. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Data gathering
    • Interviews
  3. Interpersonal and team skills
    • Facilitation
  4. Representations of uncertainty
  5. Data analysis
    • Simulations
    • Sensitivity analysis
    • Decision tree analysis
    • Influence diagrams
  1. Project documents updates
    • Risk report
11.5 Plan Risk Responses
  1. Project management plan
    • Resource management plan
    • Risk management plan
    • Cost baseline
  2. Project documents
    • Lessons learned register
    • Project schedule
    • Project team assignments
    • Resource calendars
    • Risk register
    • Risk report
    • Stakeholder register
  3. Enterprise environmental factors
  4. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Data gathering
    • Interviews
  3. Interpersonal and team skills
    • Facilitation
  4. Strategies for threats
  5. Strategies for opportunities
  6. Contingent response strategies
  7. Strategies for overall project risk
  8. Data analysis
    • Alternatives analysis
    • Cost-benefit analysis
  9. Decision making
    • Multi-criteria decision analysis
  1. Change requests
  2. Project management plan updates
    • Schedule management plan
    • Cost management plan
    • Quality management plan
    • Resource management plan
    • Procurement management plan
    • Scope baseline
    • Schedule baseline
    • Cost baseline
  3. Project documents updates
    • Assumption log
    • Cost forecasts
    • Lessons learned register
    • Project schedule
    • Project team assignments
    • Risk register
    • Risk report
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Process No. Project Management Process(es) Inputs Tools & Techniques Outputs
12.1 Plan Procurement Management
  1. Project charter
  2. Business documents
    • Business case
    • Benefits management plan
  3. Project management plan
    • Scope management plan
    • Quality management plan
    • Resource management plan
    • Scope baseline
  4. Project documents
    • Milestone list
    • Project team assignments
    • Requirements documentation
    • Requirements traceability matrix
    • Resource requirements
    • Risk register
    • Stakeholder register
  5. Enterprise environmental factors
  6. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Data gathering
    • Market research
  3. Data analysis
    • Make-or-buy analysis
  4. Source selection analysis
  5. Meetings
  1. Procurement management plan
  2. Procurement strategy
  3. Bid documents
  4. Procurement statement of work
  5. Source selection criteria
  6. Make-or-buy decisions
  7. Independent cost estimates
  8. Change requests
  9. Project documents updates
    • Lessons learned register
    • Milestone list
    • Requirements documentation
    • Requirements traceability matrix
    • Risk register
    • Stakeholder register
  10. Organizational process assets updates
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Process No. Project Management Process(es) Inputs Tools & Techniques Outputs
13.2 Plan Stakeholder Engagement
  1. Project charter
  2. Project management plan
    • Resource management plan
    • Communications management plan
    • Risk management plan
  3. Project documents
    • Assumption log
    • Change log
    • Issue log
    • Project schedule
    • Risk register
    • Stakeholder register
  4. Agreements
  5. Enterprise environmental factors
  6. Organizational process assets
  1. Expert judgment
  2. Data gathering
    • Benchmarking
  3. Data analysis
    • Assumption and constraint analysis
    • Root cause analysis
  4. Decision making
    • Prioritization / ranking
  5. Data representation
    • Mind mapping
    • Stakeholder engagement assessment matrix
  6. Meetings
  1. Stakeholder engagement plan
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